In rigorous clinical studies,* the PATHS® Program has been shown to:

  • reduce teachers' reports of students exhibiting aggressive behavior by 32%.

  • increase teachers' reports of students exhibiting self-control by 36%.

  • increase students' vocabulary for emotions by 68%.

  • significantly improve students' ability to tolerate frustration plus their ability -- and willingness -- to use effective conflict-resolution strategies.

  • reduce behavior problems, such as aggression at school (for both regular and special-needs students).

  • significantly decrease conduct problems and the percentage of aggressive/violent solutions to social problems.

  • reduce depression and sadness among special-needs students.

  • significantly increase teachers' reports of improved behavior in the classroom.**

  • significantly reduce students' reports of male students exhibiting aggressive behavior.**

  • improve performance on state achievement tests in reading, math, and writing.***

  • increase students' scores on cognitive skills tests by 20%.

  • significantly increase teachers' reports of improved academic engagement.**

*at one- or two-year follow-up, compared to matched-comparison children, supplemented with teacher training and support.

**In this study, a grade-level version of the program was supplemented with teacher training and support as well as additional interventions for students with conduct problems.

***during a 4-year implementation period, compared to matched-comparison children, supplemented with teacher training and support.

The PATHS® Program achieves important results among low-income students!

In a randomized controlled trial, urban low-income kindergarten students participating in the PATHS® Program showed significant improvements in both social competence and behavioral problems. Specifically, teachers reported that among PATHS® students there was:

  • an 18% reduction in aggressive behavior.

  • a 21% reduction in internalizing behaviors (such as social withdrawal).

  • a 31% increase in overall social competence.

  • a 26% increase in regulating emotions.

  • a 35% increase in prosocial behavior (such as helping and sharing with others).

These results are important, because they show that the PATHS® Program can significantly help reduce the effects of poverty on healthy brain development.

A study in one major metropolitan school district found that students participating in the PATHS® Program* in grades 3 through 6 were more likely to achieve basic proficiency on their state's achievement tests in reading (grade 4), math (grade 4), and writing (grades 5 and 6), compared to students who received limited SEL instruction. In reading and math, the number of PATHS® lessons taught was a significant predictor of achievement, with students who received more lessons becoming more likely to achieve basic proficiency on the tests.

* supplemented with teacher training and support.

A wise investment!

A Washington State Institute for Public Policy report shows the PATHS® Program yields a benefit-cost ratio of $20.80 for each dollar invested, and provides long-term results!

Positive impacts in Head Start classrooms!

A large-scale national study of Head Start classrooms found that the PATHS® Program improved outcomes in student emotional knowledge and social problem-solving skills among preschool students! Among the three programs evaluated, the PATHS® Program achieved significant results in the most primary targeted outcomes.

Head Start teachers also reported that students in classrooms that used the PATHS® Program:

  • were more likely to apply appropriate social behaviors, such as cooperating with peers and effectively resolving conflicts.

  • showed improvements in learning behaviors, such as following directions and staying on task.

  • The study also noted that kindergarten teachers reported the expectation that fewer of the children who had participated in the PATHS® Program in preschool would be held back a grade. The PATHS® Program was the only one of the three programs studied to produce this result.

  • Significant Improvement in Academic Achievement!

  • Data from more than 270,000 students was collected for a large-scale study of universal, school-based SEL programs, including the PATHS® Program. In that study, SEL students showed an 11% gain in academic achievement.

  • Improved Results on State Achievement Tests!